Types of Knots

The more knots in a rug determine the intricacy of the design. There are two main types of knots: Senneh (or Persian) knot and Ghiordes (or Turkish) knot.

Looping the pile yarn through two warp strands, and then drawing it back through one, forms the Persian knot. The Persian knot is used in China, India, Pakistan and the Balkan countries, and most of Afghanistan and Persia. Its advantage is that it does not leave a gap between each knot, it is less bulky, and can make a finer design.

A Turkish knot is formed by looping the pile yarn across two warp strands and then drawing each end back through the inside of both warps. It is used by the Caucasian and Anatolian weaving groups and in northwest Persia.

Another knot, which is inferior, is the Jufti knot. It is made by tying the yarn through four or more warp strands. This increases the speed in which the rug can be woven, but it is less compact and not as durable. If there are twice as many warps as there are knots, most likely a jufti knot has been used.

Be sure to call or e-mail Caravan Connection of Newport if you have any questions about your Oriental rug or if you are thinking about buying one.

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